Logs are vital for troubleshooting and monitoring the health of your Ubuntu VPS on Virtualizor. They provide detailed insights into the system's operations and can help identify issues. Here's how to locate and analyze these logs.

Locating Logs on Ubuntu VPS

  • System logs are typically stored in the /var/log/ directory. Common log files include:

    • /var/log/syslog: General system log
    • /var/log/auth.log: Authentication logs
    • /var/log/apache2/: For Apache web server logs
    • /var/log/nginx/: For NGINX web server logs
    • /var/log/mysql/: For MySQL/MariaDB database logs

Analyzing Logs

  • Use commands like cat, less, or grep to view and search through log files. For example:

    sudo grep "error" /var/log/syslog

    This command searches for the term "error" in the syslog.

  • To monitor logs in real-time, use the tail -f command, for instance:

    sudo tail -f /var/log/apache2/error.log

Virtualizor-Specific Logs

  • Virtualizor logs can be found in the /var/virtualizor/ directory. This includes logs for different operations like VPS creation, deletions, and errors.

Log Rotation and Management

  • Ubuntu uses logrotate to manage log files, which periodically rotates, compresses, and deletes logs to conserve disk space.

  • Check the configuration in /etc/logrotate.conf and /etc/logrotate.d/ for custom settings.

Using Log Analysis Tools

  • For more advanced analysis, consider using tools like GoAccess for web server logs or Logwatch for a daily summary of activities.


Understanding where to find and how to analyze logs on your Ubuntu VPS is crucial for effective system management. Regular monitoring of these logs helps in maintaining the health and security of your server. For complex issues, these logs are invaluable in diagnosing and resolving problems.

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